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Northeast Asia and the Legacy of Harry S. Truman: Japan, China, and the Two Koreas

James I. Matray, ed.

$24.47$27.99

Harry S. Truman made decisions as president that would have a decisive impact in determining the course of history in Northeast Asia after World War II. (TLS 8)

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Description

The Truman Legacy Series, Vol. 8

Harry S. Truman made decisions as president that would have a decisive impact in determining the course of history in Northeast Asia after World War II. These essays examine how Truman acted to resolve challenges facing the United States from 1945 to 1952 in Japan, China, and the two Koreas. The authors, all recognized authorities on postwar US intelligence or foreign relations, present new and provocative explanations for Truman’s policies that previous historians have debated for a half-century.Extensive research in government archives, manuscript collections, and Chinese and Soviet source materials present

Extensive research in government archives, manuscript collections, and Chinese and Soviet source materials present a more complete assessment of the impact of Truman’s policies toward China and in the Korean War, Truman’s decisions about Japan, and especially the dropping of atomic bombs and postwar occupation. This collection looks at how Truman’s decisions in Northeast Asia defined the legacy of his presidency.

Contents

Introduction
Mild about Harry—President Harry S. Truman’s Legacy in Northeast Asia—James I. Matray

Japan
Truman, Unconditional Surrender, and a New Deal for Japan—Marc Gallicchio
Truman’s Gift: The Japanese Peace Settlement—Roger Dingman
Truman’s Unintended Gift: Japanese Reactions to the Dismissal of MacArthur—Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu

China
The US–China Confrontation in Korea: Assessment of Intentions in Time of Crisis—Simei Qing
Truman and Taiwan: A US Policy Change from Face to Faith—Xiaobing Li
Voluntary Repatriation and Involuntary Tattooing of Korean War POWs—Charles S. Young

The Two Koreas
The United States, President Harry S. Truman, and the Division of Korea: An Assessment of Responsibility—William Stueck
Harry Truman, The Korean War, and the Transformation of US Policy in East Asia, June 1950–June 1951—Steven Casey
Truman’s MacArthur and MacArthur’s Truman: The Roots and Ramifications of the General’s Removal—Ken Hechler and Robert P. Watson

Graphic Essay
The Legacy of Harry S. Truman in Northeast Asia: A Graphic Essay Based on the Holdings of the Harry S. Truman Library—Raymond H. Geselbracht

Intelligence
Describing the Elephant: CIA Reporting on Korea, 1949–1950—Clayton D. Laurie
From Good to Mediocre: Intelligence in the Korean War—Michael Warner
Before and After June 25: The COMINT Effort—David A. Hatch
The CIA, Willoughby, and Military Intelligence in East Asia, 1946–1950—Stanley Sandler

Korea’s War
A Review of Korean War Studies Since 1992–1994—Kim Hakjoon

Authors

James I. Matray was born and raised for most of his childhood in Evergreen Park, Illinois, a Chicago suburb. His father was a cement mason and his mother a seamstress. He attended public schools, graduating from the community high school in three years. After graduating from Lake Forest College, he enlisted in the Illinois National Guard and following transfer, he served for ten years as a drill sergeant in the US Army Reserve.

Reviews

...adds nuance and complexity to the histriography surrounding Truman's presidency.

H-Net Reviews, February 2015

This thought-provoking collection of essays, expertly edited by James Matray, who also provides an excellent introduction, examines how President Harry S. Truman and his key advisers responded to a series of challenges in East Asia from 1945 to 1953. All the authors acknowledge that Truman had little detailed knowledge of the region or its complexities and tended to react to rather than guide events. Many of the contributors use recently declassified documents, especially from Chinese and Russian sources. The result is a nuanced and measured examination of the forces that shaped the early Cold War in East Asia.

Journal of Cold War Studies, Winter 2013

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